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Brian MacConaghy

Physicist IV

Email

brianm@apl.washington.edu

Phone

206-897-1869

Videos

PIXUL: PIXelated ULtrasound Speeds Disease Biomarker Search

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26 Apr 2018

Accurate assessment of chromatin modifications can be used to improve detection and treatment of various diseases. Further, accurate assessment of chromatin modifications can have an important role in designing new drug therapies. This novel technology applies miniature ultrasound transducers to shear chromatin in standard 96-well microplates. PIXUL saves researchers hours of sample preparation time and reduces sample degradation.

Non-invasive Treatment of Abscesses with Ultrasound

Abscesses are walled-off collections of fluid and bacteria within the body. They are common complications of surgery, trauma, and systemic infections. Typical treatment is the surgical placement of a drainage catheter to drain the abscess fluid over several days. Dr. Keith Chan and researchers at APL-UW's Center for Industrial + Medical Ultrasound are exploring how to treat abscesses non-invasively, that is, from outside the body, with high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). This experimental therapy could reduce pain, radiation exposure, antibiotic use, and costs for patients with abscesses. Therapeutic ultrasound could also treat abscesses too small or inaccessible for conventional drainage.

20 Jun 2016

Flow Cytometry Techniques Advance Microbubble Science

Researchers at the Center for Industrial and Medical Ultrasound (CIMU) are measuring the physical properties of ultrasound contrast agents — tiny gas bubbles several microns in diameter used to increase sonogram imaging efficiency in the body. When injected to the general circulation they can act as probes and beacons within the body, and can carry and deploy chemotherapeutic payloads.

CIMU researchers have developed a hybrid instrument that combines an off-the-shelf flow cytometer with an acoustic transducer. The cytometer's laser interrogation counts and measures the bubbles while the acoustic interrogation reveals the bubbles' viscosity and elasticity at megahertz frequencies.

5 Dec 2013

Publications

2000-present and while at APL-UW

Ultrasound-based cell sorting with microbubbles: A feasibility study

Matula, T.J. O.A. Sapozhnikov, L.A> Ostrovsky, A.A. Brayan, J. Kocewicz, B.E. MacConaghy, and D. De Raad, "Ultrasound-based cell sorting with microbubbles: A feasibility study," J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 144, doi:10.1121/1.5044405, 2018.

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1 Jul 2018

The isolation and sorting of cells is an important process in research and hospital labs. Most large research and commercial labs incorporate fluorescently or magnetically labeled antibodies adherent to cell surface antigens for cell identification and separation. In this paper, a process is described that merges biochemical labeling with ultrasound-based separation. Instead of lasers and fluorophore tags, or magnets and magnetic particle tags, the technique uses ultrasound and microbubble tags. Streptavidin-labeled microbubbles were mixed with a human acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line, CCL 119, conjugated with biotinylated anti-CD7 antibodies. Tagged cells were forced under ultrasound, and their displacement and velocity quantified. Differential displacement in a flow stream was quantified against erythrocytes, which showed almost no displacement under ultrasound. A model for the acoustic radiation force on the conjugated pairs compares favorably with observations. This technology may improve on current time-consuming and costly purification procedures.

Stress waves in model kidney stones exposed to burst wave lithotripsy

Maxwell, A., B. MacConaghy, M. Bailey, and O. Sapozhnikov, "Stress waves in model kidney stones exposed to burst wave lithotripsy," Proc., IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, 6-9 September, Washington, D.C., doi:10.1109/ULTSYM.2017.8092870 (IEEE, 2017).

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2 Nov 2017

Burst wave lithotripsy (BWL) is an experimental method to noninvasively fragment urinary calculi using low-frequency focused bursts of ultrasound. To optimize many of the acoustic parameters for this technology, it is necessary to understand the physical interactions between ultrasound bursts and stones. In this study, the interaction of elastic waves with model stones was simulated and experimentally visualized by photoelastography, a technique using polarized light to spatially and temporally visualize stress patterns.

Inactivation of planktonic Escherichia coli by focused 2-MHz ultrasound

Brayman, A.A., B.E. MacConaghy, Y.-N. Wang, K.T. Chan, W.L. Monsky, A.J. McClenny, and T.J. Matula, "Inactivation of planktonic Escherichia coli by focused 2-MHz ultrasound," Ultrasound Med. Biol., 43, 1476-1485, doi:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2017.03.009, 2017.

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1 Jul 2017

This study was motivated by the desire to develop a non-invasive means to treat abscesses, and represents the first steps toward that goal. Non-thermal, high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) was used to inactivate Escherichia coli (~1 x 109

More Publications

Inventions

Time-reversal based ultrasound system for processing biological samples

Record of Invention Number: 48375

Brian MacConaghy, Adam Maxwell

Disclosure

10 Jul 2018

Systems, Devices, and Methods for Separating, Concentrating, and/or Differentiating Between Cells from a Cell Sample

Embodiments are generally related to differentiating and/or separating portions of a sample that are of interest from the remainder of the sample. Embodiments may be directed towards separating cells of interest from a cell sample. In some embodiments, acoustic impedances of the cells of interest may be modified. For example, the acoustic properties of the cells of interest may be modified by attaching bubbles to the cells of interest. The cell sample may then be subjected to an acoustic wave. The cells of interest may be differentiated and/or separated from the remainder of the sample based on relative displacements and/or volumetric changes experienced by the cells of interest in response thereto. The cells of interest may be separated using a standing wave and sorted into separate channels of a flow cell. Optionally, the cells may be interrogated by a light source and differentiated by signals generated in response thereto.

Patent Number: 9,645,080

Tom Matula, Andrew Brayman, Oleg Sapozhnikov, Brian MacConaghy, Jarred Swalwell, Camilo Perez

Patent

9 May 2017

Systems, Devices, and Methods for Separating, Concentrating, and/or Differentiating Between Cells from a Cell Sample

Patent Number: 9,645,080

Tom Matula, Andrew Brayman, Oleg Sapozhnikov, Brian MacConaghy, Jarred Swalwell, Camilo Perez

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Patent

9 May 2017

Embodiments are generally related to differentiating and/or separating portions of a sample that are of interest from the remainder of the sample. Embodiments may be directed towards separating cells of interest from a cell sample. In some embodiments, acoustic impedances of the cells of interest may be modified. For example, the acoustic properties of the cells of interest may be modified by attaching bubbles to the cells of interest. The cell sample may then be subjected to an acoustic wave. The cells of interest may be differentiated and/or separated from the remainder of the sample based on relative displacements and/or volumetric changes experienced by the cells of interest in response thereto. The cells of interest may be separated using a standing wave and sorted into separate channels of a flow cell. Optionally, the cells may be interrogated by a light source and differentiated by signals generated in response thereto.

More Inventions

Acoustics Air-Sea Interaction & Remote Sensing Center for Environmental & Information Systems Center for Industrial & Medical Ultrasound Electronic & Photonic Systems Ocean Engineering Ocean Physics Polar Science Center
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