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Bryan Cunitz

Engineer Senior

Email

bwc@apl.washington.edu

Phone

206-543-6804

Education

B.A. Physics, Colby College, 1999

B.S. Engineering, Dartmouth College, 2000

M.S. Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, 2005

Videos

Burst Wave Lithotripsy: An Experimental Method to Fragment Kidney Stones

CIMU researchers are investigating a noninvasive method to fragment kidney stones using ultrasound pulses rather than shock waves. Consecutive acoustic cycles accumulate and concentrate energy within the stone. The technique can be 'tuned' to create small fragments, potentially improving the success rate of lithotripsy procedures.

20 Nov 2014

SonoMotion: A Budding Start-up Company

A research team has developed new technologies to treat kidney stone disease with an ultrasound-based system. Embraced by clinicians, their advances are now being taken to the next step: transition the prototype to an approved device that will roll into hospitals and clinics around the world.

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11 Feb 2013

At the Center for Industrial and Medical Ultrasound a team of scientists, engineers, and students has developed an ultrasound-based system that may provide an office procedure to speed the natural passage of kidney stones. The system uses commercial ultrasound components to locate stones in kidneys. It creates clear pictures of them and then applies an acoustic radiative force, repositioning stones in the kidney so they are more likely to pass naturally.

As a research team, considerable technical advancements have been made and valuable feedback and cooperation has been garnered from the user community – the clinicians. The scientists, engineers, urologists, and commercialization experts are now collaborating to take the next steps.

SonoMotion has partnered with a hardware manufacturing company and licensed the ultrasonic propulsion of kidney stones technology with the University of Washington. The next big step will be to transition the prototype system into one that will pass the rigors of FDA review and be ready to roll into hospitals and clinics around the world.

Center for Industrial and Medical Ultrasound - CIMU

CIMU is a group of scientists, engineers, and technicians dedicated to research across the field of bio-medical ultrasonics with the goal of developing technologies that will be used in a clinic to treat patients.

1 Nov 2010

Publications

2000-present and while at APL-UW

Evaluation of renal stone comminution and injury by burst wave lithotripsy in a pig model

Maxwell, A.D., Y.-N. Wang, W. Kreider, B.W. Cunitz, F. Starr, D. Lee, Y. Nazari, J.C. Williams Jr., M.R. Bailey, and M.D. Sorensen, "Evaluation of renal stone comminution and injury by burst wave lithotripsy in a pig model," J. Endourol., 33, doi:10.1089/end.2018.0886, 2019.

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15 Oct 2019

Burst wave lithotripsy is an experimental technology to noninvasively fragment kidney stones with focused bursts of ultrasound (US). This study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of specific lithotripsy parameters in a porcine model of nephrolithiasis.

A 6- to 7-mm human kidney stone was surgically implanted in each kidney of three pigs. A burst wave lithotripsy US transducer with an inline US imager was coupled to the flank and the lithotripter focus was aligned with the stone. Each stone was exposed to burst wave lithotripsy at 6.5 to 7 MPa focal pressure for 30 minutes under real-time image guidance. After treatment, the kidneys were removed for gross, histologic, and MRI assessment. Stone fragments were retrieved from the kidney to determine the mass comminuted to pieces <2 mm.

On average, 87% of the stone mass was reduced to fragments <2 mm. In three of five treatments, stones were completely comminuted to <2-mm fragments. In two of five treatments, stones were partially disintegrated, but larger fragments remained. One stone was not treated because no suitable acoustic window was identified. No injury was detected through gross, histologic, or MRI examination in the parenchymal tissue, although petechial damage and surface erosion were identified on the urothelium of the collecting system limited to the area around the stone.

Burst wave lithotripsy can consistently produce stone fragments small enough to spontaneously pass by transcutaneous administration of US pulses. The data suggest that such exposures produce minimal injury to the kidney and urinary tract.

Quantitative assessment of effectiveness of ultrasonic propulsion of kidney stones

Dai, J.C., M.D. Sorensen, H.C. Chang, P.C. Samson, B. Dunmire, B.W. Cunitz, J. Thiel, Z. Liu, M.R. Bailey, and J.D. Harper, "Quantitative assessment of effectiveness of ultrasonic propulsion of kidney stones," J. Endourol., 33, doi:10.1089/end.2019.0340, 2019.

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15 Oct 2019

Ultrasonic propulsion is an investigative modality to noninvasively image and reposition urinary stones. Our goals were to test safety and effectiveness of new acoustic exposure conditions from a new transducer, and to use simultaneous ureteroscopic and ultrasonic observation to quantify stone repositioning.

During operation, ultrasonic propulsion was applied transcutaneously, whereas stone targets were visualized ureteroscopically. Exposures were 350 kHz frequency, ≤200 W/cm2 focal intensity, and ≤3-second bursts per push. Ureteroscope and ultrasound (US) videos were recorded. Video clips with and without stone motion were randomized and scored for motion ≥3 mm by independent reviewers blinded to the exposures. Subjects were followed with telephone calls, imaging, and chart review for adverse events.

The investigative treatment was used in 18 subjects and 19 kidneys. A total of 62 stone targets were treated ranging in size from a collection of "dust" to 15 mm. Subjects received an average of 17 ñ 14 propulsion bursts (per kidney) for a total average exposure time of 40 ñ 40 seconds. Independent reviewers scored at least one stone movement ≥3 mm in 18 of 19 kidneys (95%) from the ureteroscope videos and in 15 of 19 kidneys (79%) from the US videos. This difference was probably because of motion out of the US imaging plane. Treatment repositioned stones in two cases that would have otherwise required basket repositioning. No serious adverse events were observed with the device or procedure.

Ultrasonic propulsion was shown to be safe, and it effectively repositioned stones in 95% of kidneys despite positioning and access restrictions caused by working in an operating room on anesthetized subjects.

Impact of stone type on caviation in burst wave lithotripsy

Hunter, C., A.D. Maxwell, B. Cunitz, B. Dunmire, M.D. Sorensen, J.C. Williams Jr., A. Randad, M. Bailey, and W. Kreider, "Impact of stone type on caviation in burst wave lithotripsy," Proc. Mtgs. Acoust., 35, 020005, doi:10.1121/2.0000950, 2018.

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26 Dec 2018

Proceedings, 176th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, 5-9 November 2018, Victoria, BC, Canada.

Non-invasive kidney stone treatments such as shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and burst wave lithotripsy (BWL) rely on the delivery of pressure waves through tissue to the stone. In both SWL and BWL, the potential to hinder comminution by exciting cavitation proximal to the stone has been reported. To elucidate how different stones alter prefocal cavitation in BWL, different natural and synthetic stones were treated in vitro using a therapy transducer operating at 350 kHz (peak negative pressure 7 MPa, pulse length 20 cycles, pulse repetition frequency 10 Hz). Stones were held in a confined volume of water designed to mimic the geometry of a kidney calyx, with the water filtered and degassed to maintain conditions for which the cavitation threshold (in the absence of a stone) matches that from in vivo observations. Stone targeting and cavitation monitoring were performed via ultrasound imaging using a diagnostic probe aligned coaxially with the therapy transducer. Quantitative differences in the extent and location of cavitation activity were observed for different stone types — e.g., stones (natural and synthetic) that are known to be porous produced larger prefocal cavitation clouds. Ongoing work will focus on correlation of such cavitation metrics with stone fragmentation.

More Publications

Inventions

Easy 3D Ultrasound Imaging and Volume Quantification

Record of Invention Number: 48367

Mike Bailey, Bryan Cunitz, Dan Leotta

Disclosure

28 May 2019

Noninvasive Fragmentation of Urinary Tract Stones with Focused Ultrasound

Patent Number: 10,251,657

Adam Maxwell, Mike Bailey, Bryan Cunitz, Wayne Kreider, Oleg Sapozhnikov

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Patent

9 Apr 2019

Methods, computing devices, and a computer-readable medium are described herein related to fragmenting or comminuting an object in a subject using a burst wave lithotripsy (BWL) waveform. A computing device, such a computing device coupled to a transducer, may carry out functions for producing a BWL waveform. The computing device may determine a burst frequency for a number of bursts in the BWL waveform, where the number of bursts includes a number of cycles. Further, the computing device may determine a cycle frequency for the number of cycles. Yet further, the computing device may determine a pressure amplitude for the BWL waveform, where the pressure amplitude is less than or equal to 8 MPa. In addition, the computing device may determine a time period for producing the BWL waveform.

Determining a Presence of an Object

Patent Number: 10,136,835

Mike Bailey, Wei Lu, Oleg Sapozhnikov, Bryan Cunitz

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Patent

27 Nov 2018

Methods, computing devices, and computer-readable medium are described herein related to producing detection signals configured to induce an excited state of an object. A computing device may receive reflection signals, where the reflection signals correspond to at least one detection signals reflected from the object. Based on the received reflection signals, a presence of the object in the excited state may be determined. Further, an output device may provide an indication of the presence of the object in the excited state.

More Inventions

Acoustics Air-Sea Interaction & Remote Sensing Center for Environmental & Information Systems Center for Industrial & Medical Ultrasound Electronic & Photonic Systems Ocean Engineering Ocean Physics Polar Science Center
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